本文的目的是考察新海洋法对南极法律制度的影响。 将这些影响归类为法律和政治影响在某种程度上是武断的。 然而，这样的分类突出了新海洋法出现的重要区别。 其中包括习惯国际法传统程序与通过全球多边谈判发展法律之间的概念区别； 直接相关国家之间通过临时职能安排进行监管与全球组织进行监管之间的程序区别； 主要致力于界定国家之间各自权利和义务的传统任务的规则体系与旨在创造和实施整个人类集体合法权利的规则体系之间的实质性区别。
The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of the new law of the sea on the Antarctic legal regime. Its classification of those effects as legal and political is arbitrary to some extent. ' Such a classification nevertheless highlights important distinctions in the emergence of a new law of the sea. Among these are the conceptual distinction between the traditional processes of customary international law and the development of law through global multilateral negotiation; the procedural distinction between regulation by ad hoc functional arrangements among states directly concerned and regulation by a global organization; and the substantive distinction between a body of rules devoted largely to the traditional task of defining the respective rights and duties of states inter se and a body of rules designed to create and give effect to collective legal rights of humanity as a whole.