本文简要回顾了与欧盟八个成员国的海洋骨料 (MA) 运营授权相关的法规和程序。 MA 运营受到多层次立法/监管制度的影响，包括国际公约（例如，UNCLOS 1982、OSPAR、赫尔辛基、ICES、巴塞罗那和埃斯波公约）、次要的 EC 立法（例如环境影响评估指令 (85/337/EEC)和 97/11 EC) 和自由获取环境信息指令 (2003/4 / EC)) 和国家立法或法规。似乎在所考虑的成员国之间，MA 提取的规则和相关程序差异很大。一般来说，相关信息不容易以准确、全面和最新的形式获得。因此，很难评估与 MA 提取授权相关的国家实践是否以及在多大程度上符合旨在可持续发展和保护海洋和沿海环境的现有国际和欧洲规则和法规的要求。
This paper provides a brief review of regulations and procedures relevant to the authorization of marine aggregate (MA) operations in eight EU Member States. MA operations are affected by a multi4evel legislative/regulatory regime, consisting of international conventions (e.g. the UNCLOS 1982, OSPAR, Helsinki, ICES, Barcelona and Espoo Conventions), secondary EC legislation (e.g. the Environmental Impact Assessment Directives (85/337/EEC and 97/11 EC) and the Freedom of Access to Environmental Information Directive (2003/4/EC)) and national legislation or regulation.It appears that rules and procedures relevant to MA extraction vary considerably between the considered Member States. In general, relevant information is not easily available in accurate, comprehensive and up-to date form. As a result, it is difficult to assess whether and to which extent national practice in relation to MA extraction authorization is in substantive compliance with the requirements of existing international and European rules and regulations aimed at sustainable development and protection of the marine and coastal environment.