海上船舶交通对海鸟的影响:对海洋保护和空间规划的启示(英文)

——Effects of ship traffic on seabirds in offshore waters: Implications for marine conservation and spatial planning

作者/编者:the Ecological Society of America
作者单位:
创作年代:2011
出处/来源:the Ecological Society of America
学科分类:海洋法学
所属机构:
文献语种:英文

摘要

Spatial planning of anthropogenic activities in the offshore zone is currently in progress in many countries worldwide. Most activities in marine ecosystems are in some way related to shipping. Disturbance by ships can be a major threat to birds, through affects on behavior,reproduction, and fitness of individuals in colonies (e.g., Burger 1998, see review in Carney and Sydeman 1999), as well as on foraging or resting habitats (e.g.,Rodgers and Schwikert 2003, Stolen 2003, Kaiser et al.2006 ). However, the effects of ship traffic on seabirds are still too poorly understood to allow for either proper spatial planning or conservation management actions.

关键词: 海洋 环保 海洋保护 空间规划 海鸟 船舶交通

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海上船舶交通对海鸟的影响:对海洋保护和空间规划的启示(英文)

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