调查如何在海洋空间规划中解决累积影响的备选方案

——Investigating options on how to address cumulative impacts in marine spatial planning

作者/编者:Ocean & Coastal Management
作者单位:
创作年代:2014
出处/来源:Ocean & Coastal Management
学科分类:海洋法学
所属机构:
文献语种:英文

摘要

海洋空间规划 (MSP) 是当前欧洲、英国和苏格兰环境议程的一个重要方面。欧盟委员会最近发布的指令草案旨在为欧盟水域和沿海地区的 MSP 和综合沿海管理建立一个共同框架,这表明海洋和沿海水域的可持续管理是一个紧迫的问题。设得兰群岛海洋空间规划 (SMSP) 的制定于 2006 年由苏格兰政府发起,是渐进式区域海洋空间规划的一个例子。 SMSP 成功地提供了一个政策框架和基线空间数据来指导海洋开发的布局。通过政策,提出建议,提出方向,突出发展机遇。根据基于生态系统的风险评估和对现有海洋活动和用途的广泛了解,绘制设得兰群岛周围累积压力的模型是确定行动领域和制定海洋政策的下一步。该模型可用于可比较的海洋计划区域,可以访问全面的地图活动数据和当地专业知识,以开发自己的方法来解决累积影响。这项研究还符合海洋战略框架指令,该指令要求分析对海洋水域环境状况的主要压力和影响,包括人类活动,其中包括主要的累积和协同效应。 Marine spatial planning (MSP) is an important aspect of the current European, UK and Scottish environmental agenda. The European Commission's recently published draft directive to create a common framework for MSP and integrated coastal management in EU waters and coastal areas is an indication that the sustainable management of marine and coastal waters is a pressing issue. The development of the Shetland Islands' Marine Spatial Plan (SMSP) was initiated by the Scottish Government in 2006 and is an example of a progressive regional marine spatial plan. The SMSP has successfully provided a policy framework and baseline spatial data to guide the placement of marine developments. Through policy, it provides suggestions, proposes directions and highlights opportunity for development. A model which maps cumulative pressures around the Shetland Islands, based on an ecosystem-based risk assessment and extensive knowledge of existing marine activities and uses, is the next step in identifying areas for action and marine policy formulation. This model may be used in comparable marine plan regions with access to comprehensive mapped activity data and local expertise to develop their own methodologies in addressing cumulative impacts. This research also aligns with the Marine Strategy Framework Directive which requires an analysis of the predominant pressures and impacts, including human activity, on the environmental status of marine waters which inter alia covers the main cumulative and synergetic effects.

关键词: 欧盟 海洋 海洋空间 海洋空间规划 MSP

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