人类对海洋生态系统影响的全球地图(英文)

——A Global Map of Human Impact on Marine Ecosystems

作者/编者:Science
作者单位:
创作年代:2007
出处/来源:Science
学科分类:海洋法学
所属机构:
文献语种:英文

摘要

The management and conservation of the world’s oceans require synthesis of spatial data on the distribution and intensity of human activities and the overlap of their impacts on marine ecosystems. We developed an ecosystem-specific, multiscale spatial model to synthesize 17 global data sets of anthropogenic drivers of ecological change for 20 marine ecosystems. Our analysis indicates that no area is unaffected by human influence and that a large fraction (41%) is strongly affected by multiple drivers. However, large areas of relatively little human impact remain,particularly near the poles. The analytical process and resulting maps provide flexible tools for regional and global efforts to allocate conservation resources; to implement ecosystem-based management; and to inform marine spatial planning, education, and basic research.

关键词: 海洋 生态系统 海洋生态系统 Marine Ecosystems

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文献为PDF格式,语种为英文,共6页。

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