Brill经典论文:国际组织根据国际习惯法享有豁免权?
Do International Organizations Enjoy Immunity Under Customary International Law?
作者/编者:Michael Wood 作者/编者单位:Barrister, Member of the International Law Commission; Senior Fellow, Lauterpacht Centre for International Law 来源/出处:Brill Publishers
文献代码:1274发布日期:2014-11-14学科分类:国际法学
语言:英文 下载量:浏览量:10
摘 要:本文质疑国际组织是否享有依据国际法而“被接受为法律的惯例”的国内法院管辖豁免权。本文认为,除了几个条约,似乎没有大量的法律实践可以确认国际组织的豁免权。虽然有许多关于此事的条约,但这些习惯性国际法规则的生成意义似乎值得商榷。本文追溯自十九世纪以来的国际组织豁免权的历史发展,阐述了针对这个问题的各种方法,并提出了具体的学术审议做法。最后,本文探讨一些最新的产生有关豁免权的国际法习惯规则并作出了结论。The present article considers whether there is “a general practice accepted as law” establishing rules of customary international law on the immunity of international organizations from the jurisdiction of domestic courts. Apart from treaties, there does not appear to be a great deal of practice or opinio juris on the immunity of interna­tional organizations. And while there are many treaties dealing with the matter, their significance for the generation of a rule of customary international law seems ques­tionable. This article sketches the historical development of the immunity of interna­tional organizations since the nineteenth century, describes various approaches that have been suggested to this question, and sets out such practice as there is and aca­demic consideration of that practice. It then considers whether practice has to date generated any rules of customary international law regarding immunities, and finally suggests some conclusions.

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关键词:国际组织;豁免权;习惯法;惯例;法律意见;immunities;international organizations;customary law;general practice;opinio juris
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