Brill经典论文:国际气候制度:少许成就,很多挑战
The Climate Regime: A Few Achievements, but Many Challenges
作者/编者:Steinar Andresen 作者/编者单位:Fridtjof Nansen Institute 来源/出处:Brill Publishers
文献代码:发布日期:2014-11-14学科分类:国际法学
语言:英文 下载量:浏览量:2
摘 要:国际气候制度已经诞生20年,期间产生了一些创造性的新机制,但在有害物质减排方面并没有多少实质进展,因为这些指标仍在继续上升。随着时间的推移,气候谈判的努力已显著增加,但该制度的有效性并没有增加。京都议定书的第二个承诺期比前一期软弱,目前占总排放量85%的一些国家仍没有承担约束力的义务。进展缓慢的最主要原因是一些问题地区的恶劣本性,以至影响几乎所有的全球经济活动。所有参与者需要做更多努力来提高制度的有效性,这尤其适用于日益强大的77国集团中的新兴经济体。它们不能继续“隐藏”在这个群体里面,而必须作出自己应有的贡献。 During its twenty years in existence, the climate regime has created some innovative new mechanisms but with little practical significance in terms of emission reductions, for they continue to rise. Over time, efforts by the climate negotiators have increased significantly but the effectiveness of the regime has not increased. The Kyoto Protocol’s second commitment period is weaker than its predecessor and there are presently no binding obligations for countries with 85 per cent of total emissions. The main reason for the slow progress is the extremely malign nature of the issue-area as it goes to the heart of virtually all global economic activity. All actors need to do more to increase the effectiveness of the regime, but this particularly applies to the increasingly strong emerging economies in the Group of 77. They cannot continue to ‘hide’ inside this group, if progress is to be made.

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关键词:国际;气候制度;新兴经济体;京都议定书;减排;Climate Regime;Achievements; Challenges;Kyoto Protocol;emission reductions;emerging economies
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