Brill经典论文:国际组织:不可触动?
International Organizations: the Untouchables?
作者/编者:Niels Blokker 作者/编者单位:Professor of International Institutional Law, Leiden University 来源/出处:Brill Publishers
文献代码:发布日期:2014-11-13学科分类:国际法学
语言:英文 下载量:浏览量:4
摘 要:豁免规则是国际组织传统的标准规则。长期以来,人们一直承认国际组织及其工作人员享有各国法院司法的豁免权。这种认识通常建立在职能必要性的原则上:国际组织需要豁免权,以便能够顺利履行职责。然而,国际组织的豁免原则受到越来越多的批评:如果国家法院不能对国际组织进行裁决,那么谁可以行使管辖权?本文讨论了国际组织豁免规则的由来,并对在20世纪40年代和最近几年制定的这些规则进行了简要概述。最后,本文就是否有必要“更新”或修改国际组织的豁免权问题的提出了一些意见。 Immunity rules belong to the traditional standard rules of international organizations. It has long been accepted that international organizations and their staff need to enjoy immunity from the jurisdiction of national courts. This understanding is generally founded on the principle of functional necessity: international organizations need immunity in order to be able to perform their functions. However, the principle of the immunity of international organizations is increasingly criticized: if national courts cannot exercise jurisdiction over international organizations, who can? After outlining the intentions behind convening this Forum, this paper will discuss the origin of the immunity rules of international organizations. Next, it will give a brief overview of the codification of such rules, both in the 1940s and in recent years. Finally, it will present some observations on the question of whether there is a need to ‘update’ or revise the current immunity rules of international organizations.

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关键词:immunity;international organizations; functional necessity;豁免权;国际组织;职能需要;
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